A French invention, the original chocolate truffle was a ball of ganache, chocolate and cream, often flavored and rolled in cocoa. It was named after the precious black truffle fungus because of its sheer physical resemb…lance.
According to legend, the chocolate truffle was created in the kitchen of French culinary giant Auguste Escoffier during the 1920s. One day, as his apprentice attempted to make pastry cream, he accidentally poured hot cream into a bowl of chocolate rather than the intended bowl of sabayon. As the chocolate and cream mixture hardened, he found he could work the chocolate paste with his hands to form a ball. After rolling the accidental creations in cocoa powder, he was struck by their resemblance to the luxurious truffles from the French Périgord region and the Piedmont area of Italy.

As the concept developed, different truffle textures and flavours were created by rolling the ganache in a variety of toppings and add-ons.
Today, the term truffle is often co-opted in America to describe any filled chocolate, and it becomes very confusing!